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If you have two G's however, you are more likely to see the world and Prada Bag Design your role in it in a positive light.
A Look at the GeneThe gene can backfire on you too.
It's complicated, says Philip D. Harvey, PhD, a professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine.
Researchers have zeroed in on a possible genetic basis for optimism, self esteem, and mastery (the belief that you have control over your own life and destiny). It's rooted in the hormone oxytocin, also known as the love or cuddle hormone. Oxytocin is known to be plentiful in breastfeeding women and is released by men and women during orgasm.
Reach Out and ConnectWhen Paul J. Zak, PhD, founding director of the Center for Neuroeconomics Studies at Claremont Graduate University, Calif., first started to read the study, he was skeptical.
"There are genes that influence the way you process emotional information, and this gene affects the way you see the world. But that doesn't mean Burberry Pvc Tote
The combination affects how you see the world and your role in it. But you are not destined to be happy or sad based on your genetic make up. Not at all, she says.
Still, genes aren't destiny, Zak says. "Some people may have a genetic leg up, and if your parents treat you well and you don't experience any childhood trauma, you may develop richer social networks."
But it is "pretty convincing," he says.
Genes predict behavior, but they are not the be all, end all. "There is a lot of room for environmental variations, like how you were raised and the life experiences that you have had," she says.
People with a gene variation including one or two A's were found to have less optimism, mastery, and self esteem, and more symptoms of depression than people with a variation including two G's.
affects the release of oxytocin is not fully understood. A combination of two variants an Burberry Tote Bag
Alan Manevitz, MD, a psychiatrist at New York City's Lenox Hill Hospital, agrees. "Just because you have a gene doesn't mean you are fated to be happy or sad, it means you are more vulnerable to these traits."
"Whatever helps you connect with others will help you improve your life," he says. "Jump on the social connection bandwagon now."
Rarely does one gene influence any one personality trait, he says. "My guess is that there are multiple gene interactions involved."
"We may not all have the genetic predisposition for happiness and we may not release enough oxytocin. But there are things that we can engage in from social media to dancing," Zak tells WebMD.
you can't change the way you look at the world," he says.
A little chunk of genetic material on the oxytocin receptor gene may influence these personality traits. Exactly how the gene Burberry Henham Crossbody Bag
Optimism May Be Partly in Your Genes
"A" and "G" are located in this small area.
"If you have an A, the deck is stacked against you somewhat," says Shelley E Taylor, PhD. She is a distinguished professor of psychology at the University of California at Los Angeles. Taylor credits her graduate student Shimon Saphire Bernstein with pinpointing the region on the gene that hosts these traits.
In the study, 326 study participants answered questions about their optimism, self esteem, and mastery. Researchers analyzed genetic material in their saliva to see how the variants of the gene correlated with the self assessments. Participants also completed a standardized tool that measures depression.
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